Q:

# 1. If you want to create a cone or cylinder by spinning a 2–dimensional shape about an axis of symmetry, what shapes would you need to use? 2. Describe how the volume formulas for a cone, cylinder and pyramid derived. What are the similarities between the volume of a cone and pyramid? 3. What is the relationship between mass, density and volume? Provide and example that involves calculating population density. 4. Manufacturers often alter different packages to save money and to grab customers attention. Explain using an example, how changes in the dimensions of common geometric shapes (prisms, cylinders, cones and spheres) will affect the volume of these shapes. 5. The concept of volume is something you experience everyday in your life. Provide a specific example in which you could solve a real-world application using volume

Accepted Solution

A:
1) The answer for both includes a circle. You would rotate the shape around the axis of symmetry, creating an infinite number of 2-d circles stacked on top of each other, creating the cone or cylinder. In the case of a cylinder, the other shape is a rectangle, and in the case of a cone, a right triangle with one line serving as the axis of symmetry.

2) The volume of a cone is the area of the base, multiplied by height, divided by 3. This means that the volume of a cone is 1/3 the volume of a cylinder of equal height and base area. The volume of a cylinder is the area of the base times height. The volume of a pyramid, similar to a cone, is the area of the base (length x width) times the height, divided by three.

3) One definition of density is mass/volume, or mass per unit of volume. For example, if a 5 kg object has a volume of 10 cm³, than the density would be 0.5kg/cm³. In population density, relative to our example, area takes the place of volume and population takes the place of mass. This means that population density is population/area. For example, if 10,000 people occupy an area of 5 square miles, then the population density is 2,000 people/ square mile.

4) As you are clearly learning in this class, the volume of an object is not only determined by its dimensions, such as base, width, and height, but its shape. Let's review the cone example. If a cone and a cylinder have the same base area and height, the cone has a volume of 1/3 that of the cylinder.

5) When might you want to use volume in your daily life? Here is a depressing example. Say your corporate job in the Accounting Department has you feeling blue, and your only break is your daily trip to the water cooler. The cups at the cooler are cone-shaped. Not only is this inconvenient because you can't stand them up without getting the rim dirty, but these cups contain 1/3 the water that a perfectly cylindrical cup of the same base/height could provide. You may tell your manager this, and earn yourself some fancy new cylindrical paper cups!